If your gums bleed when you brush your teeth or floss this is a route for HIV. Undetectable viral load: Everything you need to know. A person can only transmit HIV through certain bodily fluids, including blood and semen. A person has an undetectable viral load when there are so few viral copies of HIV in their blood that a blood test cannot detect them.
Antiretroviral medications reduce the number of viral cells in the body, which can cause an undetectable viral load.
Only someone with a detectable viral load can transmit HIV through oral sex. How to reduce the risk. In the early stages of HIVpeople can experience symptoms that include:. Learn more…. Menu HIV. For example, people with HIV can avoid ejaculating in the mouth of their sexual partner.
Learn more…. Journal of Adolescent Health ;Suppl Going to a dentist for regular checkups is a good way to prevent mouth sores. According to the World Health Organization WHOaround 40—50 percent of people living with HIV have oral infections that can cause complications in the mouth, including sores.
Clifford L. Occurrence of pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis is uncommon in patients with a suspected or confirmed genital infection.
Fellatio, or mouth-to-penis sex, is the type of oral sex most likely to result in the transmission of HIV. Back to Sexual health. Next We thank you for your time spent taking this survey. The biology of HIV transmission. The risk of getting HIV through oral sex is low, but not non-existent, when a person with HIV does not have fully suppressed viral load.