Bista BValenzuela N. See Subscription Options Already a subscriber? Recommended for you. The mechanism of sex determination in vertebrates-are sex steroids the key-factor? Jul 19, Experimental evidence of masculinization by continuous illumination in a temperature sex determination teleost Atherinopsidae model: is oxidative stress involved?
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Trends Genet. The model was implemented in M icrosoft E xcel. Smith C. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. In this case—which governs all snake species—males are the homogametic sex ZZ and females are the heterogametic sex ZW.
See Subscription Options Already a subscriber? Kawai A. Adverse effects of UV-B include interference with intracellular functions, impaired transcription of DNA, and interactions with chemicals that make them more toxic.
Non-native fish may also prey upon native amphibians and reptiles. Young J. Non-native invasive species may act as predators of or competitors with native species. Wildfires may also lead to long-term or permanent loss of habitat for amphibians and reptiles. In the western U.
Georges A. Field and laboratory studies have demonstrated increased mortality, deformities, and susceptibility to fungal disease.
Cited by: 3 articles PMID: See Subscription Options. The mechanism of sex determination in vertebrates-are sex steroids the key-factor? Other reptiles governed by GSD have a system, similar to one found in birds, with Z and W sex chromosomes.
In this case—which governs all snake species—males are the homogametic sex ZZ and females are the heterogametic sex ZW.