Premenstrual syndrome. The plasma samples were collected from fasting subjects. Conclusions: These results indicate that total fat intake, and PUFA intake in particular, is associated with very small increases in testosterone concentrations in healthy women and that increased docosapentaenoic acid was associated with a lower risk of anovulation.
Public Health Nutr. Although self-report of diet is subject to measurement error, our study used multiple validated h dietary recalls to reduce the potential for misclassification.
However, it has also been shown that in postmenopausal women a high catechol estrogen concentration is associated with increased BC risk [ 25 ]. Relation of energy, fat, and fiber intakes to plasma concentrations of estrogens and androgens in premenopausal women. Maczuga, Barry I. Adlercreutz H, Jarvenpaa P.
Ann Epidemiol ; 9 — Obstet Gynecol Surv ; 59 —
Estrogen metabolism and risk of breast cancer: a prospective study of the alpha-hydroxyestrone ratio in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Open in a separate window. Swaneck GE, Fishman J.
In addition it was suggested that 2-OHE1 is only weakly estrogenic and possibly antiestrogenic [ 24 ] and it has been assumed that a high level could reduce BC risk. Find articles by Herman Adlercreutz. However, our results are not in agreement with the observation of an increase in catechol estrogens when women are on a low-fat diet [ 21 ].
Studies on oestrogen excretion in human bile. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.